KEY NORTH AMERICAN MIGRATION SITES FOR
Red Knots & Semipalmated Sandpipers

Complejo Lagunar Ojo de Liebre-Guerrero Negro

Country: Mexico

Region: Baja California Sur,

Nearest city/town: Mulegé

Site: Complejo Lagunar Ojo de Liebre-Guerrero Negro

Species/Sub-species: REKN-roselaari

Total biogeographic population: 21,7702

Count Method: Total estimate

Count: 6,49813,4

% biogeographic pop. at site: 29.85

Season (primarily): Winter

Site recognition: WHSRN IBA

Site recognition (other): Biosphere Reserve

Site description: This site is a federally-owned wetland (National Commission of Protected Natural Areas—CONANP) located within the El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve. Bird monitoring is underway at the site (2016).

Known threats: Exploitation of renewable resources (salt mining, fishing, ecotourism) represents a threat to the site. Exportadora de Sal S.A. de C.V. is a salt-extraction company with a concession in the area. There is also fishing in the Ojo de Liebre Lagoon and ecotourism (particularly gray-whale watching). In terms of land use change, the threat of natural system modification is high, and specifically other ecosystem modification caused by blocking of natural water flows and altered salinity. Another threat is pollution in the form of solid and organic wastes derived from fishing activities and the accidental discharge of brines from "Exportadora de Sal S.A." facilities. The threat of physical alteration of the site due to climate change in the form of severe weather (i.e. storms and floods) is low.6,7

Notes: The site follows boundaries from WHSRN5.

Sources: 1WHSRN site profile (http://www.whsrn.org/site-profile/complejo-lagunar-ojo-de-liebre) 2Carmona, R., N. Arce, V. Ayala-Perez, A. Hernández-Alvarez, J.B. Buchanan, L.J. Salzer, P.S. Tomkovich, J.A. Johnson, R.E. Gill, Jr., B.J. McCaffery, J.E. Lyons, L.J. Niles,D. Newstead. 2013. Red Knot Calidris canutus roselaari migration connectivity, abundance and non-breeding distribution along the Pacific coast of the Americas. Wader Study Group Bulletin. 120(3): 168–180. 3WHSRN site nomination form 4Carmona, R., N. Arce, V. Ayala-Perez, G.D. Danemann. 2008. Abundance and phenology of Red Knots in the Guerrero Negro-Ojo de Liebre coastal lagoon complex, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Wader Study Group Bulletin 115(1): 10–15. 5Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network, Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences. 6WHSRN Site Assessment Tool 7Ramsar fact sheet: https://rsis.ramsar.org/RISapp/files/RISrep/MX1339RIS.pdf